Europe and Russia
Europe and Russia are the parts of the one continent which is called Eurasia. It is the largest continent of the Earth. Russia is located in the eastern part of the mainland. Europe occupies the western part of the continent. Three major parts are distinguished in Europe: the Eastern, Western, and Central Europe.
Russia is one of the largest and most populated countries. Russia stretches from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, from the Arctic Ocean to the Black Sea and the Caucasus. Most of the country consists of tundra, coniferous forests (taiga), mixed forests, deciduous forests, meadows and pastures (steppe), and semi-desert regions (Blinnikov, 2011). Unlike Russia, Europe is one of the smallest parts of the world.
Both Russia and Europe are situated mainly in temperate latitudes. The territory of the latter is crossed by several climatic zones. There are arctic, subarctic, subtropical zones, temperate marine, and continental types of climate. Almost the entire territory of Russia is of the continental climate, the degree of which increases markedly from west to east. In the south of the country, the climate is monsoon.
Russia is washed by 14 seas. In the north there are seas of the Arctic Ocean – Barents Sea, White, Kara, Laptev, East Siberian, and Chukchi Seas. Baltic, Black, and Azov Seas are of the Atlantic Ocean and wash country in the west side. The Seas of the Pacific Ocean – Bering, Okhotsk Seas, and Sea of Japan – are in the east. Europe is washed by following oceans: in the west – the Atlantic one, in the north – the Arctic, in the south – Indian, and in the east – the Pacific Ocean and by their marginal seas.
Most of Russia’s territory is occupied by the plains. Europe also has a type of flat terrain, which is especially typical for Eastern Europe. The Ural Mountains form the border between Europe and Russia (Rabenort, 1912). Between the Black and Caspian seas, the Caucasus Mountains are located, where the Mountain Elbrus is presented as the highest point of Russia (Blinnikov, 2011). Low-lying areas of Europe alternate with rolling hills. Having being located in Alps the Mountain Blanc is the highest point of Europe. Both flora and fauna of Russia and Europe vary greatly that depends on latitude and climate.
European culture has played a significant role in the development of world civilization. Despite considerable differences, the population of Europe has one kind of ethno-cultural “code”. Religion made huge influence on its formation. The main confession in Europe is Christianity. Many people belong to the Roman Catholic Church. Widely spread religion In Russia is Christianity, but Orthodox one.
Population in Europe belongs to one ethnic group. For example, more than 90 per cent of people in Sweden are Swedes (Clifford, 2011). Russia is a multi-ethnic country. The vast majority of Russians are in the national composition of the population. However, there are also Ukrainians, Bashkirs, and Chechens in Russia. Europeans believe that the family is the center of their social and economic lives. They also appreciate and are proud of their ancestors’ achievements. Almost 50 languages are spoken in Europe, what can not be said about Russia.
Culture of Europe shows its history as well as the ideas and values of this nation and its culture that spread all over the world. Churches and temples in Europe reflect the development of architecture and religion (Clifford, 2011). Culture of Russia has a long history and includes the culture of the states which precedes modern Russia.
Both Europe and Russia are important centers of world economic system, and they play an important role there. Some European countries formed the European Union, which had a great influence on the development of international relations. Russia, in its turn, with significant raw potential, including natural gas and oil, in some way affects the progress and development of international relations.
Thus, being situated on the same continent, Europe and Russia are distinguished by common and distinctive features in the geographical, cultural, and economic plans. These differences are due to the peculiarities of European and Russian culture and economic development that was taking place during centuries.