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Literature Review: Mental Health Knowledge

Article 1: “What Deficits In Sexual And Reproductive Health Knowledge Exist Among Women With Cystic Fibrosis? A Systematic Review”

Gage (2012), a social worker with a profound interest in cystic fibrosis (CF), conducted a systematic review with the intention of studying the literature accessible to women suffering from the aforementioned condition. She sought to review their knowledge of sexual and reproductive health. Her evidence was limited to various research findings, most of which were quantitative reports. The overall findings showed that women with cystic fibrosis know little about sexual and reproductive health. Most of the women lack the information they need to make wise decisions on sexual and reproductive health issues. In conducting her review, Gage focused on the communication and relations between care center staff, female patients, and patients deficient in sexual and reproductive health knowledge. Her review could be backed up by various scholarly research studies that have placed a special emphasis on the same.

For example, Schechter et al. (2013) note that cystic fibrosis is one of the most common and well-known genetic disorders affecting many people around the world. The number of individuals affected by the condition is rather high since many patients are caught unaware because of a lack of knowledge about sexual and reproductive health issues. Further, Fair, Griffiths, and Osman (2000) sought to understand the fertility issues related to the disorder among Scottish women with cystic fibrosis. They discovered that a large number of women were unaware of the short- and long-term consequences of pregnancy on their bodies. They acknowledge that people’s ignorance can be eliminated if sexual education is offered to vulnerable populations as early as possible.

These researchers back Gage’s suggestions on the need for more social work literature to provide adequate information to women with cystic fibrosis. Such information would influence more effective decision-making processes related to sexual and reproductive health, which would lead to a better quality of women’s life.

Article 2: “Bereavement and Mental Health After Sudden and Violent Losses: A Review”

The idea that sudden traumatic death of a close family member, friend, or colleague is a catastrophic event that can result in the disruption of the functioning of those struggling to adapt to a sudden loss has been widely accepted among various scholars and researchers. In their article Bereavement and Mental Health after Sudden and Violent Losses: A Review, Kristensen, Weisaeth, & Heir (2001) review literature on the potential psychological consequences of sudden and violent losses. They also review risks and resilient factors associated with grief and mental health. In addition, they describe the effects and benefits of psychological interventions in the aforementioned cases.

Carr, House, Wortman, Nesse, & Kessler (2001) conducted a similar study in which they researched the psychological effects of sudden loss. The researchers then suggested the appropriate ways through which victims, especially adults, could manage their lives after loss depending on whether the loss was sudden or anticipated. Moreover, Johnsen et al. (2015) note that individuals affected by sudden and violent deaths of close people are at a higher risk of post-traumatic stress disorder development in comparison to those who have experienced non-violent bereavement. Deaths due to homicide, suicide, accidents, or natural disasters are among the risk factors that may lead to the emergence of complicated grief disorders. Therefore, although it has been well-documented that the bereaved are at an increased risk of complicated reactions after violent and sudden deaths, more knowledge is needed on how complicated grief influences the well-being of people.

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